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by DaveS

Freight Shipping Basics

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You have just sold your Dad's old air compressor on ebay, and it is the industrial model that weighs 550 Lbs.  Parcel shippers such as UPS and FedX typically have a 150 Lb. weight limit or dimensional limit that prohibits them from shipping your item.  You need to use an LTL (less-than-load) freight carrier.  LTL fills the gap between parcel shipments and truckload shipments. 

The following are freight shipping basics that you will need to ship your item.

LTL Freight is rated by:

  • Class-based on National Motor Freight Classification.  Classes range from 50 to 500, based on density of the product.  The higher the class, the higher the charges.  If you don't know your freight class, call your carrier.  Your old air compressor is a class 85.
  • Distance Moved-your address with postal code and the destination address with postal code.
  • Weight-This needs to be accurate, as carriers wil inspect freight for proper class code and weight.  Your old air compressor weighs 590 lbs. packaged on a pallet.
  • How is it Packaged?-since freight sent via LTL carriers must be handled several times during transit (forklifts, pallet jacks) it must be packaged to protect it.  Carriers may refuse freight that is not properly packaged, so it is a good practice to load freight onto pallets or package into crates.

Other factors that will effect the cost of your shipment (Accessories):

  • Residential Delivery and Pickups-this includes businesses operated in homes, or on the premises of a home, and farm locations.
  • Liftgate Pickup and Delivery-If you are not shipping from a loading dock then you will need a truck with a liftgate.  Also, Drivers are not responsible for moving the freight past the liftgate.
  • Appointment Requirements-will the Driver have to call for an appointment to pickup or deliver your item.  Typically Drivers deliver in the morning and pickup in the afternoon.

Now you are ready to ship your air compressor, here are a couple more tips.  Show the destination address on your freight in multiple locations.  The easier it is for dockworkers to identify an individual shipment the less likely it is to be put in the wrong place.

If you are shipping to a residential address, then whoever receives the shipment will need a way to move it.  Remember, the Driver will not move the load past the liftgate, and your freight may be sitting at the end of his driveway.