Dog bites are fairly common, and no matter how sweet-tempered you think a dog may be, it is always possible that a canine may bite. If you have a dog or are around dogs it is important to know what is the best dog bite treatment in the case that you or someone near you is bitten. Follow these tips in the case of a dog bite:
Secure the situation.
Move the bite victim to a safe location and ask someone to control and remove the dog. If your are the dog’s owner, instruct someone else to remove the victim as you control the dog and log it up. After the dog is secure go to the bite victim.
Put pressure on the wound and have the victim lie down. As you hold pressure to the bite area, elevate the body part where the bite is. Elevating an injury above the heart decreases blood flow to the area and reduces bleeding.
Visit the emergency room.
Assess the wound to see if it may need stitches. If the edges of the wound do not naturally touch, if there is skin loss or the bite looks ragged, then stitches will be needed. If the bite is on the hands or face you should see a doctor for stitches to eliminate scarring.
Clean the wound.
Once the bleeding has stopped you should clean the wound. Pour hydroperoxide over the wound and then wash it with antibacterial soap and warm water. Do not be afraid to clean inside the wound, though it may hurt the victim it is important to remove all dog saliva from the bite.
Dress the bite.
Put antibiotic ointment over the bite and wrap clean dressings around the wound. The dressings should be tight, but not tight enough to cut off circulation. Change the dressings regularly and reapply antibiotic ointment to the bite.
Watch for infection.
As you change the dressings, carefully look for signs of an infection. If you see any redness, swelling, pus or feel heat near the wound you should take the victim to the doctor immediately.
Get a rabies shot.
Always ask the owner of the dog if the dog has had its rabies shots. If it the dog has not been vaccinated for rabies or you do not know who the owner of the dog is, get a rabies shot. Rabies is fatal to humans and it is not worth risking infection.
Prevent Dog Bites in the future.
To prevent dog bites you should never have a dog breed that is not compatible with your family situation. Aggressive dog breeds should be avoided, and always socialize and train your dog from puppyhood. Stay away from unfamiliar dogs, and when approaching dogs never use quick motions or come down from above. Always ask the owner of a dog if you cat pet the animal before you do so, and if a confrontation occurs with a dog do not make eye contact, don’t run and don’t scream – these actions only encourage a dog to attack. Don’t approach a strange dog as it is eating, sleeping or caring for puppies and never leave children with a dog unsupervised.